How we teach phonics
Phonics is a way of teaching children to read and write by blending and segmenting individual sounds. Every letter and different combinations of letters make particular sounds for example the letter ‘s’ makes a hissing like a snake. Children can then use this knowledge to ‘de-code’ new words that they hear or see. This is the first important step in learning to read.
Children throughout Reception and Key stage 1 take part in daily phonics sessions. These sessions focus on key reading skills such as decoding to read words and segmenting the sounds in a given word to spell. During Phonics lessons we also teach children to read and write ‘tricky words’ also known as ‘sight words.’ These are words that you cannot sound out and children are just expected to remember how to read and write.
At Stanhope, we are also using phonics sessions to develop vocabulary by ensuring words are given a context and visual aids are provided to promote understanding of new language. Additionally, when we are revisiting sounds, words get progressively more challenging in order to continuously expand our children’s vocabulary. Phonics sessions also promote reading for meaning by including an activity where children have to assess whether a statement is true or false.
Research shows that when phonics is taught in a structured way – starting with the easiest sounds and progressing through to the most complex – it is the most effective way of teaching young children to read.
It is particularly helpful for children aged 5 to 7. Almost all children who receive good teaching of phonics will learn the skills they need to tackle new words. They can then go on to read any kind of text fluently and confidently, and to read for enjoyment.
Useful Website Links
- https://www.readwithphonics.com/ – an excellent website containing lots of information and activities
- https://www.phonicsplay.co.uk/resources - lots of useful information and activities that you can use with your child
Activities to download and print out:
- http://www.phonicsplay.co.uk/PrintableResources.htm - print out the flashcards from Phases 2, 3, 5a and then use them with your child to practise the individual sounds
- http://www.phonicsplay.co.uk/PrintableResources.htm - print out the picture/match cards for Phases 2, 3, 4 and child love to first read the words and then find the matching pictures